WHAT IS A PRONOUN?
A word that replaces, relates a noun or equivalent is called Pronoun. It may also interrogate, distribute, demonstrate or reciprocate whole sense of a sentence, acting either as a subject or as an object.
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So guys welcome to the new topic called Pronoun. Frankly speaking on the internet there are several posts on this topic but those all are little difficult to understand basic, So I personally read quite of those and try to make a simple knowledgeable presentation for you
First, what we learn in this section?
Firstly we learn what exactly a pronoun is? Secondly classification of it, a little description and finally the exercises. So here we go
CLASSIFICATIONS OF PRONOUN WITH EXAMPLE
- Personal Pronoun
- Impersonal Pronoun
- Demonstrative Pronoun
- Distributive Pronoun
- Indefinite Pronoun
- Reciprocal Pronoun
- Reflexive and Emphatic Pronoun
- Relative Pronoun
- Interrogative Pronoun
- Possessive Pronoun
It indicates any person acting as a subject or an object. on the other word Personal Pronouns words used in place of nouns referring to persons.
For example I, you, he, she, it, they.
It indicates mainly non-living things.
For example It.
These words are used for nouns to point out the object
For example this, that, these, those, such, so etc.
- This is my book
- That is Joe’s house
It distributes the sense of the subject or object
For example Each, either, neither, every, none, anyone
- You can take either room.
- You can talk to each boy.
- Neither of his legs is defective
It signifies the sense of the subject or object indefinitely without any specification, used for nouns in vague and general meaning
For example everybody, one, any, some, none, all, nobody, somebody etc.
It reciprocates between two or more subjects and points out the mutual relationship
For example each-other, one-another.
- Both of the sisters love each other
- Indians should not fight with one another
REFLEXIVE AND EMPHATIC PRONOUN:
Reflexive pronoun makes an extra emphasis on the main subject and is constructed with ‘self’ word, it is used as forms of personal pronouns for emphasis
For example myself, yourself, herself, themselves, ourselves
It relates the subject or object with another clause or part of a sentence, it is used for nouns to express functions relating to ‘who, which, whose, that, whenever, whatever, whichever, whom,’ etc.
- The man who has just entered my room
- The mobile that I bought is very costly
It makes sense of interrogation or a question to get an answer to that question, it is acting as subject or an object, used for nouns to ask the questions
For example who, what, where, which, whose, whom.
- Who took my mobile?
- Whose shirt is this?
- What are you doing here?
It signifies a possession over any other person or thing
For example mine, yours, ours, theirs etc.
Placement of pronouns according to having different persons –
If there are two or more than two pronouns, having two or more than two persons (First person, second person and third person) within the sentence then their placement should be as follows:
IN SINGULAR CASE
Having positive or a general sense of application- 2-3-1
For example you, he and I are going to party next Friday
Having negative sense- 1-2-3/1-3-2
For example: I, you and he/I, he and you will be responsible for the failure of the machine
Similarly IN PLURAL CASE
Having any sense of application either positive or negative the sequence is always 1-2-3
For example, We, you, and they are going to picnic today
Some important point
- They are some verbs which do not allow any reflexive pronoun. Such verbs are kept, turn, qualify, move, hide.
- If a sentence consists of a pronoun or a noun that takes “to be” as the main verb then we use nominative case of a pronoun. For example, it was I who called you last night.
- In case of comparative degree, after the word ‘than’ we use the nominative case of a pronoun. For example, she performed better than I was.
- We use objective case of pronoun after the word ‘let’. For example, let him and I do the work together.
- If we use ‘each’ or ‘every’ in a sentence, then the auxiliary verb should be in singular form. For example, every man, woman, and child is now aware of this
Rules of Pronoun
When the subject of the verb is the receiver of the action, the action is said to be reflected. such verbs are used reflexively.
Acquit, absent, avail, reconcile, amuse, resign, avenge, revenge, enjoy, exert, apply, adapt, adjust, Pride, overreach etc are used reflexively.
- You should avail yourself, of every chance in life (correct)
- They enjoyed the picture last evening. (no reflexive pronoun is needed)
- They enjoyed during summer vacation. (place ‘ themselves’ after ‘ enjoyed’)
- He resigned himself to his failure. (correct)
The following verbs are not used reflexively.
‘Keep, stop, turn, qualify, bathe, move, rest, hide’ are not used reflexively.
- You should keep yourself from bad boys. (drop ‘yourself’)
- He has qualified himself for the post. (drop ‘himself’)
- He hid himself in the room. (drop ‘himself’) (int. verb)
A reflexive pronoun cannot act as a subject or object of a verb unless it is preceded by pronoun or noun concerned.
- Myself will see to it that you get your share of the property. (change ‘myself’ into ‘I’)
- Yourself and he reached there in time. (change ‘yourself’ into ‘you’)
- I myself like him. (correct)
The verb ‘to be’ should be followed by subjective from when the complement is a pronoun.
- It is me who have brought you home. (change ‘Me’ into ‘I’)
- Was it her who did it for you? (change ‘her’ into ‘she’)
- It will be as who will buy a new house. (change ‘us’ into ‘we’)
Verbs and prepositions are followed by an objective case of a pronoun.
Between you and I, Suhani is intelligent. (say ‘me’)
She is teaching Rohit and ‘she’. (say ‘her’)
Good manners require that the order singular pronouns should be the second person, third person and first person (231).
But in plural ‘we’ is used before ‘you’ and they after ‘you’ (123). The latter order is also observed while referring to unpleasant acts.
- I and you will attend her wedding tomorrow. (correct use is ‘you’ and ‘I’)
- He and you will share the fruits. (use ‘you’ and ‘he’)
- You, John and I will watch a movie tonight. (correct)
Use of possessive adjectives (possessive case of the pronoun)
When two subjects are joined by ‘as well as, together with, along with, and not, in addition to like, unlike, with Rather than, accept, no less than, nothing but, more(noun) then one’ the possessive case of the pronoun (possessive adjectives) is used in accordance with the first subject.
When two subjects are joined by ‘either-or, neither-nor, not only- but also, none-but’. The possessive case of a pronoun (possessive adjective) is used according to the nearest subject.
When the pronouns ‘each, every, neither, either, anyone’ is used as a subject, the possessive case should be third person singular. They refer to two or more than two objects or persons.
When ‘one‘ is used as a subject, the possessive case of the pronoun should be according to one.
When a pronoun is used for more than one noun or pronouns of different persons, the possessive case is in the form of the first-person plural (our) and second person plural (your).
- Everyone should do one’s duty (use ‘his’ for ‘one’s’)
- You and he completed their work (use ‘your’ for ‘their’)
A noun or pronoun in the possessive case should not be used sometimes with the noun such as ‘separation, excuse, pardon, sight, favor’
- Your separation is very painful to me (say ‘separation from you’)
- I beg your favor, please (favor of/ from you)
The use of ‘but‘ as a relative pronoun.
- There was none but wept (who did not weep)
- There is no country but is corrupt (which is not corrupt)
The use of the ‘same’ as a pronoun is wrong
- I shall give you a book and the same is very useful (Say ‘it’ for the ‘same’)
- He brought a Bungalow and living in the same (say ‘it’ for the ‘same’)
Some hand-picked topics for you:
Exercises on Pronoun
Put correct pronouns in the blank
- He is older than _ (me, I)
- The boy is known to him and _ (I, me)
- All the girls except _ were present there (her, she)
- It was _ that did it (I, me)
- He came here to see you and _ (me, I)
Fill up the blanks with demonstrative pronouns
- The boys taller than _
- _ is a lame excuse
- He said _
- His works are like _ of his brother
- His house is bigger than _ of John
Join the following sentences with relative pronouns
- I know the boy. he did it
- I helped the man. their house was burnt down
- A boy came to me. his name I do not know
- Our headmaster is respected by all. there he goes
- This is a nice pen. I bought it yesterday
Fill in the blanks with interrogative pronouns
- _ do you see there?
- _ of these pens is yours?
- With_ did you go there?
- _ will he vote for?
- _ is to be blamed for this?
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