PREPOSITION FEATURE IMAGE

WHAT IS A PREPOSITION?

A preposition is a Part of Speech which is placed before a noun or a pronoun to indicate direction, method, place, source, etc. In other words, to show the relation of that noun or pronoun with any other word of the sentence.

For example:

  • It may join noun to a verb, e.g.: She slipped off the stairs.
  • Similarly join one noun to another, e.g.: Joyee was in the kitchen.
  • Or join noun to an adjective, e.g.: We are proud of our country.

Hey, welcome to today’s topic ‘preposition’. If you search for something easy to understand and a compact presentation on this topic then you are in perfect place. Hope you like this. Here, first of all, we already discuss what is Proposition? and now we are discussing different types of prepositions and their example

TYPES OF PREPOSITION:

In general, preposition are five types, and those are:

  1. Simple– in, on, out, for, from
  2. Double– into, within, without, onto, upon
  3. Disguised– For example, it is 2 o’ clock now
  4. Special – We know ‘but’ is used as a conjunction, when ‘but’ means ‘except’ then it is called a special type. For example, he is poor but honest. Or None but a brave man can do this.
  5. Appropriate– Sourav was accompanied by Ram. If any sentence is in active voice then do not add any preposition. For example, Ram accompanied by Sourav (omit ‘by’ here).

what is preposition

However prepositions are also categorized in the following ways:

  1. Preposition of Time (At, in, on, by, off, from, away, since, for, towards)
  2. Preposition of Place (At, from, within, without, inside, outside, in front of, on top of, beyond, between)
  3. Preposition of Possession (By, of, with)
  4. Prepositions of direction motion (To, at, from, round, across, against)
  5. Prepositions of cause, reason, and purpose (Of, for, with)
  6. Preposition of Agent, Manner or Method (In, on, for, by with, though)

SOME IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT PREPOSITION:

  1. When verbs are placed after preposition, they should be in gerund from except they are used in an infinitive form, for example, she insisted on going to London.
  2. A clause also an object to a preposition. For example, pay attention to what your teacher said.
  3. Adverb of place and time can also be the object of preposition. For example, pay attention to what your teachers say.
  4. The usages of noun or pronoun in preposition in the accusative case. For example, the phone in on the table. Here ‘table’ use in accusative case 
  5. It sometimes may have one or more than one object, for example, I gave money to Sam and her sister.
  6. It may govern other parts of speech used as a noun, for example, from here, for good, in short, about to go, before now
  7. And also it may govern clauses and phrases as well, like- I shall go to where you have come from.

EXAMPLES OF PREPOSITION

OF
  1. Crying out of fear
  2. A house for sale
  3. To take for granted
  4. For god’s sake, help me
  5. For all his wealth he is unhappy
  6. To sell a thing at three for a rupee
  7. Good for health
  8. Many men working for the company
  9. Time for going out
  10. Respect for the elders
  11. He cares for nothing
  12. A prize for Physics
  13. Silent for shame
  14. To flee for life
  15. Wish for (considering that he is) a boy
  16. I speak for (on behalf of) my class
  17. He left for home
  18. Ready for(against) emergencies
  19. Train for Bangalore
  20. Bought a car for Rs 3 lakh
  21. Change it for another
  22. Look for something
  23. Send for a doctor
  24. They are all for helping the needy
  25. Big for his age
  26. For five weeks
  27. Passengers for Jhargram
  28. Get ready for school
  29. Go for a walk
  30. Read for pleasure
  31. Hope for the best
  32. Ask for money
  33. A taste for music
  34. Have a liking for her
  35. Unfit for the post
  36. Ruined for life
  37. A cheque for (not, of) Rs 5000.00
  38. Hope for the best
  39. I ask for the money
  40. He left for home
AT
  1. I did not expect such treatment at your home
  2. John studied at this university
  3. The countries are at war or at peace
  4. The examination is at hand
  5. At 8 o’clock
  6. At dawn
  7. At bed-time
  8. At first
  9. At last
  10. At first sight, at noon
  11. At night (but not at day), at home
  12. At school
  13. At the door
  14. At play
  15. At work
  16. At dinner
  17. At Ease
  18. At sea
  19. He studied at this university
  20. At a distance
  21. At short notice
  22. At liberty
  23. I did not expect such treatment at your hand
  24. Shouted at the boys
  25. Look at me
  26. Very good at cricket
  27. At full speed
  28. You will hear and the latest by Saturday
  29. At all places
  30. To sit at (not under)
  31. The feet
  32. At present (I am busy at present)
  33. At any moment
  34. To sale a thing at three for a rupee
  35. At war
  36. At any time
  37. At peace
  38. At the office
  39. At the age of 60
  40. I shall see you at Diwali at his house
  41. At hand
  42. One at a time
  43. At things
  44. At the same time
  45. At school
  46. At the beginning
  47. At the meeting
  48. Good at mathematics
  49. At the third attempt
  50. At regular intervals
  51. At 25
BY
  1. To travel by boat or rail or car
  2. By day (but in the day)
  3. By or at night (but in the night)
  4. A machine is driven by steam or petrol or electricity
  5. To be destroyed by fire or earthquake
  6. To know one by name or sight (I know him by name, I know him by sight)
  7. To teach by example
  8. To life by coaching, teaching, etc
  9. Made by machinery
  10. By next Sunday
  11. By heart
  12. By chance
  13. To send a letter by post or hand
  14. To inform a personal letter or telegram or messenger
  15. To sell things by the kilogram are the meter or the dozen (fish is sold here by the kilogram.)
  16. Cloth is sold by the meter
  17. Eggs are sold by the dozen
  18. To pay by cheque (but in cash or notes)
  19. Die by poison or accident
  20. Done by hand
  21. By word of mouth
  22. Older by five months
  23. It is 10.30 by (not in) my watch
  24. By this time
  25. Die by thousands
  26. Struck by lightning
  27. Room ten feet by fifteen
  28. Live by the river
  29. Sit by me
  30. I did this work all by myself
  31. It is 10.30 by my watch
  32. I did this work all by myself
  33. I know him by his name
IN
  1. In India
  2. In 1986
  3. In February
  4. To be in a place
  5. In Ruins
  6. To be in the dark
  7. In the sun
  8. To be in danger
  9. In haste
  10. In a difficulty
  11. In arms
  12. To be in power
  13. In office
  14. In truth
  15. To be in trouble
  16. Ten or twelve in number
  17. In a whisper
  18. A slope of one in ten
  19. In a loud voice
  20. In great numbers
  21. Rich in minerals
  22. Lying in bed
  23. Train running in time
  24. A lecturer/ reader in (not, on or off) chemistry.
  25. He is a lecturer in mathematics
  26. The train is running in time
  27. Take the work in hand
OF
  1. Speak of him
  2. Do not lose sight of the fact
  3. Beg a thing of him
  4. Made of wood
  5. A packet of cigarettes
  6. He comes of a good family
  7. Born of rich parents
  8. Diet of cholera
  9. The whole of India
  10. The city of Kolkata
  11. It was good of you to help me
  12. Pressure of English
  13. Do not lose sight of the fact
  14. He comes of (not from) a good family.
  15. Professor of English
ON
  1. I met him on the road
  2. He is on the way to the office
  3. I will be at home on Christmas Day
  4. I saw the news on T.V
  5. On Sunday
  6. On 1 set may
  7. On Christmas day
  8. On new year
  9. To lie on one’s bed
  10. To be on the way
  11. A speech on the subject
  12. Come on holiday
  13. A picture on the wall
  14. Write on this paper
  15. A house on fire
  16. To play on a musical instrument
  17. Live on rice
  18. On a small income
  19. Live on capital invested
  20. He is on (not in) that committee
  21. Kolkata is on the Hooghly
  22. A house on the main road
  23. A picture on the wall
  24. A ring on his finger
  25. Shops on both side
UNDER
  1. Underwater or a tree
  2. To be under another
  3. Under trial
  4. Under sentence
  5. A post under government
  6. Under repair
  7. To be under arms
  8. Under consideration
  9. Under 100
  10. About ten percent of the people there under arms
  11. Your application is under Consideration
TO
  1. Get to bed
  2. I go to bed at 10 p.m.
  3. Add this to that
  4. Sweet to taste
  5. They fought to the last man
  6. He did it to his cost
  7. Sing to the heart
  8. Go to room
  9. He did it to his cost
  10. Six minutes to five
  11. Go to room
  12. He did it to his cost
  13. Six minutes to five
PREPOSITION: DEFINITION, TYPES, AND EXAMPLE
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