What is Parts of Speech?

In English grammar, words are generally divided into eight classes or Parts of Speech according to the work they do in a sentence.

Take a look on this Infographic
eight parts of speech

Hey,welcome to today’s lesson on ‘Parts of speech‘. Parts of speech is an important topic of basic English grammar. If you construct a sentence then you definitely learn about parts of speech properly otherwise you fail to construct a proper sentence.

Parts of speech

These are:

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Verb
  4. Adverb
  5. Adjective
  6. Preposition
  7. Conjunction
  8. Interjection

So let’s give you some overview of those

At first, What is a Noun?

A noun is specified as the name of a person, place or thing. There are five kinds of nouns-

Kinds of nouns

  1. Proper Noun
  2. Common Noun
  3. Material Noun
  4. Abstract Noun
  5. Collective Noun

Proper noun

A proper noun is the name of a particular place or person. For example, Dubai is the richest city, here Dubai refers to the name of a place so it is a proper noun.

Common noun

A common noun is specified as the name given in common to every person or thing. For example, The girl in my class.

Material noun

A material noun denotes the matter of substance of the thing. For example, the house is built of wood

Abstract noun

It is the name of a quality, action or state belonging to an object. For example, Darkness, movement, music, philosophy

Collective noun

A collective noun is the name of a group of the collection of persons or things are taken together. For example, army, group, team, class, crowd





Then another part of speech – Pronoun

A pronoun is a word that replaces, relates or which is used instead of a noun or equivalent. Pronouns are classified in ten types.

Different types of pronoun

  1. Personal pronoun
  2. Impersonal pronoun
  3. Demonstrative pronoun
  4. Distributive Pronoun
  5. Indefinite pronoun
  6. Reciprocal pronoun
  7. Reflexive and Emphatic pronoun
  8. Relative pronoun
  9. Interrogative pronoun
  10. Possessive pronoun

Let’s talk about them

Personal pronoun

It indicates any person while acting as a subject or an object. For example, I, we, they, you, he, she, him, her, our

Impersonal pronoun

It indicates mainly non-living things. For example, it

Demonstrative pronoun

It demonstrates any particular sense. For example, this, that, these, those, it, so, such

Distributive pronoun

It distributes the sense of the subject or object. For example, each, every, either, neither

Indefinite pronoun

It signifies the sense of the subject or object. For example, any, all, many, some, few, someone, anyone, none, anybody, nobody, everybody

Reciprocal pronoun

It reciprocates between two or among more than two subjects and makes a complementary sense. For example, each other, one another

Reflexive and Emphatic

It makes an extra emphasis on the main subject and is constructed with s ‘self’ word. For example, my self, herself, himself, themselves, yourself

Relative pronoun

It relates the subject or object with another clause or part of the sentence. For example, who, which, what, that, whose, whom, anyone, none, anybody

Interrogative pronoun

It makes the sense of interrogation. For example, who, which, what, whom, whose

Possessive pronoun

It signifies a possession over any other person. For example, mine, ours, yours, his, its, theirs





Verb

A verb is a word that states action, position or being. There are seven types of verb

What is Verb? and their classification

  1. Finite verb
  2. Principal verb
  3. Transitive verb
  4. Intransitive verb
  5. Auxiliary verb
  6. Non-Finite verb
  7. Infinite verb 

If you want to learn about the verb in detail check out our another post on the verb

Adverb

An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb in a sentence. These are 9 kinds

Different Kinds of adverbs

  1. Adverb of time (Before, ago, lately, yet, soon, yesterday)
  2. Manner (Slowly, so, soundly)
  3. Place (Everywhere, down, near, away, etc.)
  4. Adverb of frequency (Once, seldom, rarely, usually)
  5. Adverb of affirmation and negation (Certainly, apparently, undoubtedly)
  6. Interrogative (Where, when, how, why, how often, how long)
  7. Relative (When, why, how)
  8. Adverb of degree (Almost, fully, very, enough, rather, really)
  9. Adverb of sentence (Surely, luckily)

Adjective

An adjective is a word which qualifies a pronoun or a noun. There are eight kinds of adjectives

Types of Adjectives

  1. Proper adjective (Asian, Chinese, American, Japanese, African)
  2. Adjective of quality (Good, bad, rich, poor, wise, great, hot, cold, warm)
  3. Numerical adjective (One, two, five, several, each, every, few, a few, fourth, very few, many)
  4. Adjective of quantity (All, any, much, some, half, full, whole, enough)
  5. Demonstrative adjective (This, that, these, those, such)
  6. Distributive adjective (Each, every, either, neither)
  7. Interrogative adjective (Which, what, whose)
  8. Possessive adjective (my, our, his, her)

Preposition

A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with other parts of speech in a sentence.

Prepositions are six types, they are-

  1. Time (At, in, on, by, off, from, away, since, for, towards)
  2. Place (At, from, within, without, inside, outside, in front of, on top of, beyond, between)
  3. Possession (By, of, with)
  4. Prepositions of direction motion (To, at, from, round, across, against)
  5. Prepositions of cause, reason, and purpose (Of, for, with)
  6. Agent, Manner or Method (In, on, for, by with, though)

Although prepositions are categorized in different ways like

  1. Simple preposition
  2. Double preposition
  3. Disguised preposition
  4. Special preposition
  5. Appropriate preposition

Types of preposition

In my another article I discuss this category of the preposition. Check those also


Conjunction

A conjunction is a word which is used to join words, phrases, clause, and sentences. There are three types of conjunction

Types of conjunctions

  1. Co-ordinating conjunction
  2. Sub-ordinating Conjunction
  3. Correlative conjunction

For brief details on it Check out my Conjunction related post, it will help you a lot


Interjection

An interjection expresses some sudden feeling of one’s mind. For example, Alas! We have lost the match. Hurrah! We won the match.

Some common interjection is Bravo, Hurrah, Alas, Oh etc.

boy and girl exclaiming in joy, example of Interjection


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So now identifying parts of speech in the following sentences:

  1. I know Ram who gave him the book.
  2. He told me about the matter.
  3. Bravo! this is very nicely done.
  4. Platinum is a very valuable metal.
  5. Priyanka, my sister, is an intelligent girl.
  6. Your friend will be very sorry if you do it.
  7. Give me a glass of water.
  8. John speaks English fluently and well.
  9. Put the book on the chair.
  10. The tree fell, but nobody was heart.
  11. Let our father bless us all.
  12. The bungalow is in the middle of a wood.
  13. Iron is the most useful metal.
  14. The old woman begged me for help.
  15. He came into the room after I had left it.

Maybe there are 3 or more parts of speech in a sentence. Find them all.

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So that’s all for today’s lesson. I hope you all understand about parts of speech, If you still have any queries regarding these please check out our other articles on it. The concept is everything in this time if you have the proper concept about anything then you are master in that field. So I will suggest you go through my other post regarding this for complete knowledge.

Presentations are quite easy to understand for anyone and most of all compact. So check those out.

 

References:

Abbreviations.com
Quotes.net
USZip.com
Convert.net
References.net
Definitions.net
Synonyms.com
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