WHAT IS PARTS OF SPEECH?
In English grammar, words are generally divided into eight classes or Parts of Speech according to the work they do in a sentence.
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Hey, welcome to today’s lesson on ‘Parts of speech‘. Parts of speech is an important topic of basic English grammar. If you construct a sentence then you definitely learn about parts of speech properly otherwise you fail to construct a proper sentence.
TYPES OF PARTS OF SPEECH:
There are 8-types of Parts of Speech, and those are:
So let’s give you some overview of these.
A noun is specified as the name of a person, place or thing. There are five kinds of nouns–
- Proper Noun.
- Common Noun.
- Material Noun.
- Abstract Noun.
- Collective Noun.
A proper noun is the name of a particular place or person. For example, Dubai is the richest city, here Dubai refers to the name of a place so it is a proper noun.
A common noun is specified as the name given in common to every person or thing. For example, The girl in my class.
A material noun denotes the matter of substance of the thing. For example, the house is built of wood.
It is the name of a quality, action or state belonging to an object. For example, Darkness, movement, music, philosophy.
A collective noun is the name of a group of the collection of persons or things are taken together. For example, army, group, team, class, crowd.
For more details take a look at this article Kinds of Noun with Definition and example.
A pronoun is a word that replaces, relates or which is used instead of a noun or equivalent. Pronouns are classified into ten types.
- Personal pronoun.
- Impersonal pronoun.
- Demonstrative pronoun.
- Distributive Pronoun.
- Indefinite pronoun.
- Reciprocal pronoun.
- Reflexive and Emphatic pronoun.
- Relative pronoun.
- Interrogative pronoun.
- Possessive pronoun.
Let’s talk about them.
It indicates any person while acting as a subject or an object. For example, I, we, they, you, he, she, him, her, our.
It indicates mainly non-living things. For example, it.
It demonstrates any particular sense. For example, this, that, these, those, it, so, such.
It distributes the sense of the subject or object. For example, each, every, either, neither.
It signifies the sense of the subject or object. For example, any, all, many, some, few, someone, anyone, none, anybody, nobody, everybody.
It reciprocates between two or among more than two subjects and makes a complementary sense. For example, each other, one another.
Reflexive and Emphatic:
It makes an extra emphasis on the main subject and is constructed with s ‘self’ word. For example, my self, herself, himself, themselves, yourself.
It relates the subject or object with another clause or part of the sentence. For example, who, which, what, that, whose, whom, anyone, none, anybody.
It makes the sense of interrogation. For example, who, which, what, whom, whose.
It signifies a possession over any other person. For example, mine, ours, yours, his, its, theirs.
For more details check out my another article on Pronoun: Types and Definition.
A verb is a word that states action, position or being. There are seven types of verb.
- Finite verb.
- Principal verb.
- Transitive verb.
- Intransitive verb.
- Auxiliary verb.
- Non-Finite verb.
- Infinite verb.
If you want to learn about the verb in detail check out my another post on Types of a verb with definition and example.
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb in a sentence. These are 9 kinds of adverb.
- Adverb of time (Before, ago, lately, yet, soon, yesterday).
- Adverb of Manner (Slowly, so, soundly).
- Adverb of Place (Everywhere, down, near, away, etc.).
- Adverb of frequency (Once, seldom, rarely, usually).
- Adverb of affirmation and negation (Certainly, apparently, undoubtedly).
- Interrogative Adverb (Where, when, how, why, how often, how long).
- Relative Adverb (When, why, how).
- Adverb of degree (Almost, fully, very, enough, rather, really).
- Adverb of sentence (Surely, luckily).
You can also check out Adverb and their types with definition and example.
An adjective is a word which qualifies a pronoun or a noun. There are eight kinds of adjectives.
- Proper adjective (Asian, Chinese, American, Japanese, African).
- Adjective of quality (Good, bad, rich, poor, wise, great, hot, cold, warm).
- Numerical adjective (One, two, five, several, each, every, few, a few, fourth, very few, many).
- Adjective of quantity (All, any, much, some, half, full, whole, enough).
- Demonstrative adjective (This, that, these, those, such).
- Distributive adjective (Each, every, either, neither).
- Interrogative adjective (Which, what, whose).
- Possessive adjective (my, our, his, her).
Check out my Types of Adjective with Definition and Example related post for more depth context.
A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with other parts of speech in a sentence.
Prepositions are six types, those are-
- Preposition of Time (At, in, on, by, off, from, away, since, for, towards).
- Preposition of Place (At, from, within, without, inside, outside, in front of, on top of, beyond, between).
- Preposition of Possession (By, of, with).
- Prepositions of direction motion (To, at, from, round, across, against).
- Prepositions of cause, reason, and purpose (Of, for, with).
- Preposition of Agent, Manner or Method (In, on, for, by with, though).
Although prepositions are categorized in different ways like
- Simple preposition.
- Double preposition.
- Disguised preposition.
- Special preposition.
- Appropriate preposition.
In my other article, I discussed Preposition: Definition, Types, and Example. Check this also.
A conjunction is a word which is used to join words, phrases, clause, and sentences. There are three types of conjunction.
- Coordinating conjunction.
- Subordinating Conjunction.
- Correlative conjunction.
For brief details on it, Checkout my Types of Conjunction related post, it will help you a lot.
An interjection expresses some sudden feeling of one’s mind. For example, Alas! We have lost the match. Hurrah! We won the match.
Some common interjection is Bravo, Hurrah, Alas, Oh, etc.
Read more on Interjection: Definition and Examples.
EXERCISES ON PARTS OF SPEECH (HOMEWORK)
Find out the parts of speech in the following sentences
- I know Ram who gave him the book.
- He told me about the matter.
- Bravo! this is very nicely done.
- Platinum is a very valuable metal.
- Priyanka, my sister, is an intelligent girl.
- Your friend will be very sorry if you do it.
- Give me a glass of water.
- John speaks English fluently and well.
- Put the book on the chair.
- The tree fell, but nobody was hurt.
- Let our father bless us all.
- The bungalow is in the middle of a wood.
- Iron is the most useful metal.
- The old woman begged me for help.
- He came into the room after I had left it.
Maybe there are 3 or more parts of speech in a sentence. Find them all.
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So that’s all for today’s lesson. I hope you all understand about parts of speech, If you still have any queries regarding these please check out our other articles on it. The concept is everything in this time if you have the proper concept about anything then you are master in that field. So I will suggest you go through my other post regarding this for complete knowledge.