WHAT IS AN ADVERB?

An adverb is a word used to add something to the meaning of a verb, another adverb, and an adjective, Its is used to modify adjectives, verbs and adverb.when you are talking about a situation or an event, Sometimes you want to say something about it which has not been indicated by the subject, object or complement, verb. You can do this by using an adjunct.

An adjunct is a word or group of words which you add to a clause when to say something about an event or situation, for example, how much it occurs or where it occurs.

For example:

  1. She laughed quietly.
  2. jack is walking slowly.
  3.  He is walking very slowly.
  4. She was tremendously beautiful.
  5. He fumbled in his pocket.
Take a look on this INFOGRAPHIC
Adverb and their kinds

Hi, Welcome to a new lesson of Parts Of Speech.

This is also an important topic of English grammar, I will explain you this topic in an easier way to understand. I include all the important part of this topic and make it a compact presentation. So here we go..

Firstly we know about Adverb and then it’s types and their example

what is adverb

KINDS OF ADVERB

  1. Time- Soon, ago, before, lately, yet, then, today.
  2. Manner- So, bravely, hard, happily, soundly.
  3. Relative – How, why, where, when
  4. Frequency- Rarely, never, always, seldom, usually, occasionally, twice, never, often.
  5. Sentence- Surely, luckily, certainly.
  6. Interrogative – Why? when?  how?
  7. Degree- rather, too, really, very, fully, hardly, fairly, quite.
  8. Adverb of affirmation and negation- Undoubtedly, certainly, never, not, apparently, obviously, no.
  9. Place- Upward, backward, everywhere, down, near, away, here, by, down, there.

Manner type:

Adverbs of manner come after a verb. For example, Lilly dance beautifully.

In another case, it is used after the object when there is one. For example, He gave her the money reluctantly.

When in a sentence we have verb + preposition + object, an adverb is used either before the preposition or after the object. For example, Sam looks at me suspiciously or he looked suspiciously at me.

Frequency type:

Always, frequently, often, once, twice, periodically, sometimes, continually etc.
Ever, seldom, rarely, scarcely, hardly

Adverbs are above placed in a sentence in two ways like

After the simple tenses of to be. For example, He is always in time for play

Before the simple tense of all other verbs. For example, They sometimes stay up all night

In compound tenses, adverbs are placed after the first auxiliary verbs or interrogative verbs, after auxiliary + subject. For example, You have often been told not to do this

Place type:

If in a sentence there is no subject then adverbs are usually placed after the verb. E.g. He lives abroad

But they come after Verb + object / verb + preposition + object. For example, I looked for it everywhere.

Adverb phrases formed preposition + noun or pronoun or adverb. For example, He stood I the doorway.

Time sense:

This type of adverbs is usually placed at the very beginning or at the very end of the clause (front position or end position). For example: Eventually, he came/he came eventually.

Degree Types:

It modifies an adjective or adverb. It placed before an adjective or adverb. E.g. You are absolutely right

But enough follows its adjective or adverb. For example, The car is not big enough.

Interrogative types:

For example:

  • How did you do this?
  • Why are you sorry?

Adverbs of relative:

It is used to make Adjective Clause. For example, Adrian does not like to stay at the hotel where they are staying.

Adverbs of affirmation and Negation:

For example:

  1. I will certainly go to school.
  2.  I have never seen him.

Rules of Adverb

Rule 1

An adjective qualifies a noun and a pronoun whereas adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, and adverb.

For example,

Her act was remarkable. (correct)
She acted remarkably to achieve success. (correct)
She ran quicker than I. (say ‘more quickly’ for ‘quicker’)
She is a very skillful dancer. (correct)
She dances very skillfully. (correct)

Rule 2

Adverb of manner (slowly, quickly), place (here, there), and time (now, then, today, tomorrow, yesterday) are used after a verb.

For example, 

He came here yesterday.

Rule 3

An adjective qualifies a noun and a pronoun whereas adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, and adverb.

For example,

Her act was remarkable. (correct)
She acted remarkably to achieve success. (correct)
She ran quicker than I. (say ‘more quickly’ for ‘quicker’)
She is a very skillful dancer. (correct)
She dances very skillfully. (correct)

Rule 4

Adverb of frequency (often, seldom, ever, never, always) is used before a verb.

For example,

Always speak the truth.

Rule 5

Use of else and other ‘Else’ should be followed by ‘but’.

‘Other’ and ‘otherwise’ are followed by ‘then’.

For example,

It is nothing else than sheer madness. (use ‘but’ in place of ‘then’)
She had no other alternative but stay here. (use ‘then’ in place of ‘ but’)
She has no one else to look after her expect me. (use ‘but’ in place of ‘ except’)

Rule 6

Both ‘never’ and ‘not’ the adverbs. The use of ‘never’ for ‘not’ is incorrect.

For example,

I never want to sooty last year. (use ‘did not’ go in place of ‘never’)
I remember never to have said so. (correct)
I never allow my son to go out in dark. (correct\ habitual action)

Rule 7

Note the use of phrases ‘Seldom or never’, ‘seldom’ if ever’, ‘little or nothing’, ‘little, if anything’.

The phrases ‘seldom or ever’ and ‘little or anything’ is wrong in use.

For example,

We seldom or ever meet our relatives these days. (incorrect)
Seldom or never (seldom, if ever) meet our relatives these days. (correct)

Rule 8

Both direct and directly are adverbs. Direct is used after a verb and directly is used before a verb.

Rule 9

Both hard and hardly are an adverb. Hard is used in a positive sense and hardly is used in a negative sense.

For example,

Save your hard earned money
Hardly had he reached when they left.

Rule 10

Enough is an adverb and it is used after an adjective or another adverb.

For example,

He is brave enough to do this.

Rule 11

More fastly and more highly are incorrect. Faster and higher are used in place of them.

For example,

He runs faster than I.

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Exercise on Adverb

Put the words in the brackets at the proper place

  1. I go there (never, seldom)
  2. She has left the place (already)
  3. He supports me(always)
  4. The boy has done his part (well)
  5. I have seen him (often)
  6. She has gone home (already)
  7. He talks too much (sometimes)
  8. He is active (very)
  9. She comes in time (always)
  10. He has examined the case (already)

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