WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE?
For example, let I take a sentence – She is a kind lady. here ‘kind’ represent the quality of the lady, so here kind is used as an adjective. Similarly, take another one- Sam is an honest boy, here also ‘honest’ describe the quality of the boy. I think now you clear to spot out an adjective.
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Hi, so in this lesson we discuss Adjective. First of all, What is an adjective? What are the types of an adjective? and their example, I think examples are always helpful for understanding the proper usage.
So, I designed this topic for you to understand clearly with examples. Hope you like this-
There are two classes of the adjective:
POSITION OF ADJECTIVE:
Descriptive adjectives are used both predictively and attributively and Determiner adjectives are used only before a Noun.
- He is an honest boy. (Attributive use)
- The boy is honest. (Predicative use)
Here the sense or meaning of the sentence is the same, but the first one is for attributive use and the second one for predicative use.
TYPES OF ADJECTIVE:
Adjectives are classified into eight types:
- Proper adjective
- Adjective of quality
- Adjective of quantity
- Numerical adjective
- Demonstrative adjective
- Distributive adjective
- Interrogative adjective
- Possessive adjective
This is made from proper nouns. For example– The Asian style, Punjabi dish.
ADJECTIVE OF QUALITY:
It indicates the quality of a noun or pronoun/equivalent. For example– A good proposal, A great idea, etc.
ADJECTIVE OF QUANTITY:
This indicates the quantity of a noun or pronoun or equivalent
For example– Much advise, A little water, etc.
NUMBER (Numeral adjective):
Adjectives of a number indicate the number of nouns/pronoun/equivalents. For example– Five boys, Two girls, several things, etc.
This demonstrates indicates a noun/pronoun or equivalent
For example– This boy, that girl, these books, etc.
To particularize or indicates every member of a group individually it is used. For example– each boy, every book, any man, etc.
The ‘wh’ word used before a noun is called Interrogative adjective.
For example– Which book? Whose book?
This indicates relation or possession with a specific noun.
For example– My father, your friend, his books, etc.
SOME OF THE ADJECTIVES THAT WE USE IN DAILY LIFE:
- Quality- Ugly, heavy, dry, good, red
- Demonstrative – This, that, these, those
- Quantitative- Some, any, no, little
- Numerical – Few, many all, several, one, first
- Interrogative- Which, what, when, who, whose
- Possessive- My, our, your, her, his, its, their
- Present/past participle- A moving car, a burnt man, tiring journey
- Relative- Who, which, that
- Emphatic- Own, very, such, same
- Proper- American, Asian, Indian
- Exclamatory – What, which, How
So now we are learning how to find a difference between Adjectives and Pronouns because the same sense is used for both adjectives and pronoun, it is quite easy. let me show you the difference
Demonstrative adjectives and Demonstrative pronouns:
- That is my book. So here ‘That’ is Pronoun
- Please get me that book. And here ‘That’ is Adjective
Distributive adjectives and Distributive pronoun:
- Either boy has stolen my bicycle. Here ‘either’ is used as an adjective.
- I do not like either of the sisters. And here ‘either’ is used as a pronoun.
Possessive adjectives and Possessive pronouns:
- This is my book. ‘My’ is used as an adjective.
- This book is mine. ‘Mine’ is used as a pronoun.
Though the meaning of both sentences is the same.
So, you see that changing the position of ‘my or mine’, it will use as Adjectives and pronoun as well.
Now I discuss how Nouns can be written as adjectives, I will give you some examples of that which can help you to get some idea about this:
RULES OF ADJECTIVE:
Use of little, a little, the little: There are used to denote the little amount of quality.
- Little is used in a negative sense.
- A little is used in a positive sense.
- The little denoted the definite amount or quality
- A little knowledge is dangerous.
- I have given him a little water.
There are some objectives which have no comparative or superlative form– Unique, chief, main, prime, absolute, empty, complete, circular, square, etc.
- The park is more circular in shape.
We know ‘the’ is not used before a comparative degree.
When ‘then’ is not used with a comparative degree, ‘the’ is used before it.
- He is better than I.
- Ram is the better of the two boys.
In the case of two comparatives ‘the’ is used before them.
- The higher we go, the cooler it becomes.
Senior, junior, superior, prior, posterior, etc.
These Latin adjectives are followed by ‘to’.
- My elder brother is senior to me by 4 years.
If positive and comparative degree is used in a sentence, they are joined by ‘if’.
- He is as good as it not better than Shayam.
RECOMMENDED VIDEOS ON ADJECTIVE:
ADJECTIVE EXERCISES (HOMEWORK)
Point out the adjectives in the following sentences and state which class is of them belongs to –
- Most boys are fond of sweets
- The wise old man supported by the young boy
- The good boy obeys his parents
- I give the poor man some rice and a cloth
- Few men can raise such a heavy load
- Which boy did it?
- The cruel King caused great suffering to his people
- I told the whole story to my aged mother
- She is the first girl in the class
- She has a soft heart and cannot stand such a painful sight
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